By Dr Charlie Blackwood
We’ve reached that time of year again when a few abortions may be seen in cows due to calve over the next few months. The first thing to remember about abortions is that a low percentage is normal. In this area, we would consider up to 2% to be well within the normal limits. To follow on from this, we usually find investigation of this low level of abortion very unrewarding. That is, we don’t identify a cause.
However, there are occasions when late abortion rates exceed these levels. If we list the most common causes identified in this area, they include Lepto, Vibrio, cypress tree poisoning, moulds, protozoa and Salmonella. The most important thing to note about this list is that the potential of at least the first 4 to cause abortion in your herd can readily be minimized.
Leptospirosis and Vibriosis
In the case of Lepto, ensuring the whole herd is vaccinated with Ultravac 7in1™ is a simple and cost effective strategy. Similarly, to safeguard against Vibrio, vaccination of all bulls with Vibrovax™ prior to commencement of the mating period is recommended. We would like to think that all our dairy farmers are doing both these things as part of their basic animal health programs.
Most farms will contain some pine or cypress trees. All types of pine are potentially toxic with Macrocarpa having the worst reputation. The tree can be toxic at any stage, but wilted prunings seem to be the worst. Where cows have had access to pine trees, abortion storms often follow. These abortion cows are also highly likely to get retained membranes. Abortion can occur from day of consumption to 3 weeks later. The simple solution is to ensure cows cannot reach cypress trees in